is derived from work published by Howard Hay, M.D., Daniel C. Monro, M.D., L.M. Rogers, M.D.
and George Goodheart, D.C.'s observations from over
fifty years in practice. Dr. Goodheart
was perhaps one of the finest clinicians of our generation and practiced well into
his 80ís.† It was a great loss to mankind
when he died in March 2008 at 89 years of age. †I had the honor of lecturing with him in San Diego in March 2001.
When we eat what we
eat has a lot to do with how much good we get from it.
proper combination of foods has had much said on it and there has been some
controversy. From all the known facts and informed
opinions leads to one conclusion. Despite encountering
resistance from those to whom the idea is a new one, those to whom eating bread
and potatoes with meats seems so natural that they can't accept the thought
that such a combination is a bad one. Many of our
oldest habits are unsound and should be changed, not lightly or for a whim, but
with convincing reason.
The theory of
dietetics is based upon the hypothesis that inadequate absorption of food
causes degeneration of tissue, and that for perfect metabolism do not combine
foods high in starches with food high in proteins or fats in
the same meal. It is, of course, impossible not to
combine proteins and carbohydrates in the same meal. Practically
all foods have some protein, some carbohydrate or some fat. However,
a meal can be predominantly protein or predominantly carbohydrate.
contention of these doctors is that a combination of high protein and high
starches inhibits the absorption of all the nutritive factors of foods and
results in an unnecessary burden upon the entire digestive apparatus.
It is well
known that many illnesses are due to deficiencies of certain essential food
factors--vitamins and minerals. These deficiencies
produce degeneration of certain tissues, and this degeneration results in loss
of resistance. Infections then invade us and produce
disease. It is not enough to have the essential
elements in the food we eat--they must actually be utilized by our bodies, they
must be available to our tissues.
Thus, it is
possible to eat large quantities of nutritious foods and get no benefit at all
from them if we eat other foods at the same time that interfere with the proper
digestion of vitamin and mineral bearing foods. If we
eat cheese, rich in calcium, and at the time it reaches our small intestine, an
alkaline digestive process is going on there, then very little (if any) of that
calcium will be available to us. The calcium will make
a chemical combination with the alkali and become non-absorbable, it will pass
through and out of our body unused! No matter how much
cheese we eat, we may still suffer from calcium deficiency--if the calcium is
not absorbed. But if this food reaches the
small intestine when an acid condition is present, much of the calcium will be
then, we must be certain that when we eat cheese, our small intestine will be
acid and not alkaline. But How? The
answer is clear and incontrovertible: by not eating any high carbohydrates
at the same time.
When we eat
carbohydrates - starches and sugars - our small intestine becomes alkaline, and
a condition is created by which essential factors in other foods cannot be used. These same carbohydrates may interfere with the digestion
of certain proteins in the stomach itself, and partially digested protein food
actually becomes toxic material. Research has found
that proteins may be split up by imperfect digestion into large protein
molecules that may be absorbed into circulation as macro-molecules, which then
initiate a cascade of immunologic reactions that can cause symptoms and disease. Instead of being split up into smaller molecules (amino
acids) proteins eaten with carbohydrates may actually become toxic due to
incomplete digestion, absorption to our tissues, such as, the allergy producing
and poisonous amines.
These are two
distinctly different types of digestion: an acid digestion for proteins
(meat, fish, eggs, and cheese) and an alkaline digestion for
carbohydrates (sugars and starches).
physiologists agree that proteins are digested largely in the stomach , by
the gastric juice, which is acid in reaction. One
of the most important constituents of the gastric juice is hydrochloric acid. Another important ingredient of gastric juice is pepsin,
which splits protein only in an acid medium. In
other words the stomach must be acid in order to digest protein.
on the other hand, are not digested in the stomach, but are digested largely in
the small intestine, principally by the pancreas secretions,
which are alkaline. One of the most important
constituents of this process is amylase, which splits the starch only in an
alkaline medium. On their way through the
stomach to the small intestine, the carbohydrates not only inhibit the
secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach but also combine with some of the
free hydrochloric acid there.
Fats follow a
different course - they leave the stomach largely unchanged and upon entering
the small intestine cause the gall bladder to empty bile into the small
intestine. Bile emulsifies the fat and releases
fatty acids, which can neutralize alkaline secretions in the small intestine. If these fatty acids are produced in the intestine while
carbohydrates are being digested there, the alkaline secretions that are part
of the carbohydrate digestion will be neutralized, and the action of the
amylase will be inhibited. The undigested
carbohydrates will be left free to ferment and produce gas.
following rule, which is not only logical and physiologically sound, but has
been proved highly valuable by clinical observation:
RULE 1: Do not combine pure
fats (butter, cream, bacon fat) with high starches (potatoes, rice, pasta,
bread, cereal, sweets) at any one meal. If you're
having primarily carbohydrates at a meal don't eat any fats. If
you're having potatoes for lunch and a sweet dessert, don't put butter or sour
cream on your potatoes. Likewise, if you're having
fats don't eat any carbohydrates. If you're having
bacon or eggs for breakfast, don't eat cereal or bread.
In the past
many physicians have practiced this rule unconsciously, by advising patients to
cut out all fats and high starches, or greatly restrict them.
Obviously this produced good results, because patients who ate neither
could not combine pure fats and high starches. But,
with a restriction of fats there was always the serious danger of running into
a deficiency of essential fat-soluble vitamins and fatty acids. Neither fats nor starches have to be eliminated or
restricted on that basis in most cases. Simply eat
them at different times.
evidence that the high starches and pure fats are incompatible came as a
sidelight from the observations of Dr. Joslin in his
famous diabetic clinic in Boston. He established the fact that if you cut down in high
fats in diabetic diets, you can add more carbohydrates without
getting any increase of sugar in the urine; without increasing insulin, if it
is an insulin case.
did not eat fats with carbohydrates. The food had fat
in the animal meat; but in millions of years he never found lumps of pure fat
attached to any vegetable (carbohydrate) foods. As he
evolved he never needed to digest fats and starches at the same meal - he never
developed such mechanism - and today we still haven't any.
Eat fats with
meats, or with any other proteins - fish, eggs or cheese. In
fact you must be sure to eat fats with meat, they not only can be combined but
they must be combined.
One of the
most important studies ever made on an exclusive high protein and fat diet, was
conducted by explorers Vilhjalmur Stefansson and Karsten Andersen. The purpose of
the test was to demonstrate that man could live on a purely animal diet in our
climate for an indefinite time, and in this case it was extended over a period
of one full year. The conclusions reached by this
study were: (a) It is possible for man to live for long periods on meat alone. (b) No ill effects whatever were recorded. (c) The diet, in order to be adequate had to contain large
quantities of fat, some liver, and that lean meat alone was not tolerated. (d) The tissues of one animal contain everything that is
essential for another animal, in this case, man.
clinical observations in this test support the thesis that there is greater
absorption of foodstuffs when eaten in the proper combinations. There was much greater absorption, no gas and a distinct
simplification of putrefactive organisms in the intestine. There
was no constipation. A further important observation
was that both men showed no increase in blood pressure, and one of them
actually showed a decrease of 20mm in his systolic pressure.
experience and its conclusion was that fats and proteins are an excellent
combination. Since protein is digested largely in the
stomach by acids, and since the pepsin only works in an acid medium, when
pepsin and protein get into the small intestine, if fats are being digested
there at the same time and they have liberated enough fatty acid to acidify the
intestine and prolong the action of pepsin so that the digestion of the protein
would be carried further. Fats, proteins, acids, they
all go together and help each other. Associate in your
mind: fats with proteins with acids.
different story with carbohydrates. Carbohydrates (starches and sugars) are digested by alkalies. Naturally,
if any acid is combined with carbohydrates it will tend to neutralize the
alkaline digestive juices they need. The more acid
present, the more alkaline secretion will be required to neutralize the acid
before it can begin to digest the carbohydrates.
RULE 2: Don't combine acids
and carbohydrates. Don't take buttermilk, orange
juice, lemon juice, grapefruit juice or vinegar at any meal that also includes
high starches and sugars.
often said they "can not take orange juice because it causes an acid
stomach." On questioning they have had it at
breakfast with cereals, toast or other carbohydrates. When
told to take it alone or with protein foods only, they did so with great
satisfaction and no bad effects.
If you have
had trouble with orange juice, just try it with bacon and eggs only.
It should be
remembered, of course, that many healthy people combine orange juice and
starches without feeling any distress or evidence of impaired digestion. But the impairment goes on just the same!
Every time a healthy person combines acids and starches he is making
trouble for his digestion, he is getting less value from his foods, and he is
hurting himself. The body has remarkable ability to
adjust itself to the most terrible treatment. You have
heard many people exclaim, "I have the digestion of a horse," or,
"I could eat nails and it wouldn't hurt me." Fifteen
years later some of these people are wrecks.
RULE 3: Do not combine high
proteins (meat, fish, eggs or cheese) with high starches (potatoes, cereals,
breads, sweets) at the same meal.
is based not only on extensive clinical findings but also on sound physiology. Let us review the evidence. We
know that proteins require acid for their digestion in the stomach. We know that carbohydrates require alkalies for their digestion in the small intestine.
ago in a Mayo Clinic study on sugars two things were made clear:
inhibit the secretion of the hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
combine with the free hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
Both of these
actions, by lessening the amount of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, interfere
with the digestion of proteins, which must have that acid. Conversely, if proteins are being digested in the stomach
and there is more acid there for the sugar to combine with (pick up and take
along to the small intestine), then it will require just so much more alkaline
secretion from the pancreas to neutralize the extra acid before it goes to work
on the sugar. And the same is true of starches that
are potential sugars. Not only do the sugars interfere
with the digestion of the proteins, but the proteins make more difficult the
digestion of the sugars!
In a study
reported in the American Journal of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition (1936) a
graph showed the acidity of the stomach contents at varying times from five
subjects; first after protein meals, then after starch meals, then after a
combined protein and starch meal. After the meals, the
stomach contents of the protein meal were most acid, the starch meal least acid
and the mixed meal half way between.
c.c. of the protein meal stomach contents required 60 c.c. of
the alkaline solution to neutralize the free acid, and the graph was going up
c.c. of the starch meal contents required only 20 c.c. of the alkaline
solution to neutralize the free acid and the graph was falling rapidly.
c.c. of the mixed meal stomach contents required 40 c.c. of
the alkaline solution to neutralize its acid, and the graph was coming down
that when the starch meal entered the small intestine comparatively little
alkali would be required to neutralize the acid it had "picked up" in
the stomach, but when the mixed meal reached the small intestine just twice
as much alkaline pancreatic secretion would be needed to neutralize its
acid before starch digestion could begin.
It is also
clear that when the mixed meal was eaten, the proteins in it were being
digested under difficult conditions. Instead of the
normal acidity required, as shown by the all-protein meal, the acidity was
reduced. The starches cut the acidity to one-third
less! Just such conditions are most likely to produce
imperfectly split up proteins - the large toxic protein molecule.
proteins and high carbohydrates are mixed, this investigation proves, there is not enough acid to digest the protein part readily, and
too much acid to digest the starch readily.
bad effects of this abuse are not always immediately apparent. The digestion of youth has abundant juices but
improper food combination places an extra burden. If
we deplete that abundance, dip into our reserve power of accommodation, by the
time we reach mid adulthood impaired digestion is evident. This
may not make itself known by distressing symptoms, but the digestion is
nevertheless chemically impaired. This contributes to
an increasing deficiency of food elements, and that, in turn, leads to more
tissue degeneration. Minor disturbances are directly
created, serious diseases are made more probable, and one more obstacle is
raised to our being able to live a full, long life of glowing health. Those with perfect health at present, please take note.
foods contain some starch elements and some protein elements.
This fact has misled many doctors since it seems to indicate the
mixture of starches and proteins is natural and therefore presumably healthful.
contain carbohydrate - but in a form unlike other carbohydrates - glycogen. This is a carbohydrate was eaten by the animal and then
metabolized and stored in its muscles. Little
digestion, if any, on our part is required to make this sugar ready to be
absorbed - it is ready to be absorbed as soon as it is liberated from the
protein of the meat.
the amount of protein in starchy vegetables is small indeed in proportion, and
because of its negligible quantity presents none of the difficulties in
digestion that result from combining large quantities of high protein with high
While man, as
he evolved, developed two types of digestion for the types of food he ate,
other animals confined themselves to one type of food and correspondingly one
type of digestion. What do they show us?
animals, such as the cow or sheep, eating only vegetable food, have specialized
on alkaline digestion. They are equipped to eat large
quantities of food in proportion to their size, compared to humans. They all first alkalinize their food by prolonged chewing
(their saliva being alkali), and they all rechew
their food (chewing the cud). They all have a large
sack or pouch where man has his tiny appendix.
animals, such as lions or wild dogs, have specialized acid digestion. They bolt their food in large pieces and chew it as little
as possible, if at all. Actually the less they chew
it, the better it is for them. An experimental study
was carried out at the Mayo Clinic in which dogs were fed meat fed in large
chunks or meat ground up, and the contents of the small intestine examined for
the results of digestion. The big pieces were digested
far better than the ground meat.
It is highly
significant that meat-eating animals have no appendix or a very small one. Man, with his small appendix, seems on this basis to fit
the meat-eating animals, rather than the herbivorous animals with their large
pouches. Our inability to handle starches and sugars
advantageously seems to stem from fundamental physical sources. This parallels the findings from which the Page
Fundamental Diet plan was developed and has been borne out over several
atrophy of our appendix, we lost our ability to get enough protein from
vegetable sources to produce the bet possible physical man. We
cannot chew our cud.
According to Goodheart, when we eat meat, we should chew it as little as
possible; but when we, like herbivorous animals, eat vegetable food, we should,
like them, chew well and thoroughly.
notoriously calcium-deficient. Not because we don't
eat foods rich in calcium, but largely because we don't eat them in combination
or form in which the calcium can be assimilated. Animals
never eat high proteins and high carbohydrates at the same meal. They have excellent teeth, they have strong bones, and
they take no calcium supplements.
earlier improperly digested proteins which, instead of splitting up into their
proper end-products, split up into intermediate or large protein molecules that
are actually toxic. Some of these molecules are the
substance called histamine, an irritant and vasodilator associated with
allergies such hay fever, asthma, eczema, coryza,
migraine headaches and general malaise. Goodheart observations gave him unmistakable indications
that mixed diets (combinations of fats with starches or high proteins with high
carbohydrates) produce more histamine in the system than the combinations he
Histaminase is a substance
developed from the intestines of certain food animals, it has the property of
splitting up histamine and thus destroying its toxic effect. It
serves as a way of testing for histamine and for finding the extent bad food
combinations produce toxic results. Goodheart found that when patients eat a mixed meal, they
require more histaminase to control their symptoms
than when they eat proteins only or carbohydrates only! He
concluded that the mixed diet produced more histamine! Many
allergic patients, in fact, lost their symptoms entirely by simply avoiding bad
food combinations; they actually lost their hay fever or headaches by eating
the kind of meals he recommended. However, as soon as
they slipped and ate an unwise meal, back came the
theoretical physiology, laboratory tests and other research confirm it, your
own experience must be equally convincing for you.
the adrenal gland controls allergic reactions. According
to Goodheart, the adrenal gland takes care of the
normal amount of histamine produced in the body; but when years of improper
food habits have given us certain deficiencies and degeneration's, the combination
of excess histamine and food deficiencies depletes the adrenal glands, the
control is lost, allergic reactions appear more readily and we are well on our
way to serious bodily degeneration. The evidence on
histamine production alone was sufficient to justify his recommendations on the
The Amino Acids
proteins are of equal value in nutrition. Proteins
vary widely in chemical composition and in their ability to satisfy the body's
requirement of nitrogen; they vary in the degree to which they supply the amino
acids essential for tissue building and tissue repair. Ten
amino acids have been shown to be essential to human nutrition and must be
consumed in the diet since they can not be manufactured by humans.
The value of
any protein is measured by its ability to supply some or all of these essential
amino acids. A protein is called complete if it
supplies all of essential amino acids. Unfortunately
few proteins are ideal and therefore the diet must be properly varied from not
only the muscle tissue of animals but also the connective tissues and tissues
from their organs, plus eggs. Eating in this manner
will usually supply all the essential amino acids in sufficient quantity.
Goodheart's Dietary Rules for
rule is to be sure you eat enough of the vital food elements; and be sure you
eat them in the right combinations.
1.†††††† Eat all kinds of meats, fish, eggs, leafy
vegetables, citrus fruits (and carbohydrates only if you must) as the safest
way to avoid deficiencies.
2.†††††† Do not combine pure fats (butter, cream
or bacon) with high starches (potatoes, cereals, breads, cakes or
sweets) in any one meal.
3.†††††† Do not combine acids (citrus juice,
vinegar, buttermilk) with high starches at any one meal.
4.†††††† Do not combine high proteins (meats, fish
eggs, cheese) with high starches at any one meal.
5.†††††† Eat fats freely with proteins and acid
6.†††††† Be sure you get
enough of each essential nutritional element as follows:
††††††††† a. Meat, fish, fowl and eggs: One
serving of each, or two servings of one per day with
butter or other fat.
††††††††† b. Milk, buttermilk, or cheese: Two
glasses of raw organic milk or buttermilk, or two and one-half ounces of cheese
a day (or one glass of milk or buttermilk plus an ounce or more of cheese).
††††††††††† c. Raw, low-starch
fruits and raw green and yellow vegetables: Two servings a day or one large
salad bowl a day.
††††††††† d. 1 or 2 tablespoonfuls of a plain
cod liver oil, or its equivalent in other fish liver oils, or their
concentrates in capsules. But if you use capsules,
then be sure to take plenty butter fats and cream; your liver must have fats,
if it is going to make bile for you.
††††††††† e. If you are a carbohydrate eater,
supplement with yeast or other equivalent Vitamin B Complex. Other
natural fats and oils may also be necessary as the fact remains that natural
fats and oils are absolutely necessary in ample quantities for natural,
you feel noticeable improvement depends largely on how good your health is to
begin with, and how bad your eating habits have been in the past.
1.†††††† If you are now in fine health, have been
eating plenty of protein, have no digestive troubles, no marked deficiencies,
you may experience no detectable effects of this diet in one month's time. But you will later. If you will
come around in ten years' time I can tell if you have been following perfect
eating habits by just looking at you.
2.†††††† If you now suffer from occasional
flatulence, indigestion, "acidity" and gas, a month on this regimen
with no cheating will work wonders. Your ailments will
3.†††††† If you now feel "all right" but
sluggish and under par, if you have been eating unwisely--too much
carbohydrates and not enough of the other food factors - you will experience a
new feeling of wellbeing and full health which perhaps you did not believe
Be certain to
eat enough high proteins without fear of eating too much unless you have no
control over your appetite or have a specific medical condition that dictates
otherwise. Although you may continue to exist on a
relatively low protein intake, there is ample evidence that a more liberal
intake favors the development of better physique and improvement of general
health. Any excess of proteins, above your body's
requirement for growth and repair of tissue is used as body heat and energy.